Manco Capac and Mama Ocllo, the legend is a story that was transmitted through the years from generation to generation orally among the members of the Cusco community.
In the lands near Lake Titicaca, men lived in a wild way, they did not have laws that order their lives, they lived in naked caves feeding on raw meat and wild plants, without justice and without an established religion that allows them to develop and improve as a society .
Manco Capac and Mama Ocllo
The god Inti or also called the Sun God, felt sorry for the type of life they were leading and sent his son named Ayar Manco, who was commissioned to found the empire of the Incas accompanied by his wife Mama Ocllo. Both came from Lake Titicaca, the highest navigable lake in the world whose name means “stone puma.”
Ayar Manco received a golden rod from his father, the Sun God, with the mission of heading north and where they stopped he had to nail this golden rod into the ground, when it sank into the ground it would become the place chosen to create the empire of the Incas, after they traveled several places they reached a region with a majestic valley on the Huanacaure hill surrounded by imposing mountains and there after nailing the rod it sank, becoming that place in the “center of the universe”, is thus, how they knew that this place would become the so-called “navel of the world” civilizing the Cusco valley.
Who was Manco Capac?
Ayar Manco, after the foundation received the name of Manco Capac, who was in charge of teaching men useful tasks to be more productive such as the development of agriculture, fishing, science, religion, hunting, livestock and construction of their stone-based dwellings. On the other hand, Mama Ocllo was in charge of teaching women domestic tasks such as weaving to provide clothing to the entire town, cooking to stop eating raw meats and generally taking care of the home.
This is how Manco Cápac became the first Inca of a great string of rulers who were in command of the Inca empire for nearly 300 years. Manco Cápac accompanied by Mama Ocllo assumed the throne of the Inca Empire.
Who was Mama Ocllo?
Mama Ocllo was the daughter of the Inca Pachacútec Inca Yupanqui, and the sister of Túpac Inca Yupanqui. She married her brother, according to practice, and became her real wife and queen. She was the mother of Huayna Cápac and Coya Cusirimay.
Mama Ocllo is detailed as a dominant figure, “desirous of wealth” and remembered for her stratagems by which she should have exercised enormous dominance in affairs of state. According to legend, the queen assisted her spouse in the conquest of a town in Chimor ruled by a Capallana woman.
When the Capallana denied the Inca’s request to teach, Mama Ocllo asked her spouse to allow him to intercede and promised to offer him to the locality without the lack of a single warrior. He had a message sent to the female ruler, that his courage had saved his town and that the Inca battalion would make it this way. She only asked the Inca ambassador with what this novelty was celebrated with a festival in honor of the gods of the sea, which would naturally take place on boats. When the entire town was occupied, they floated out to sea to celebrate, the battalion entered Inca and took the town. The Capallana herself became the queen’s personal captive in recognition of the role she had played in the conquest.
At the disappearance of her husband in 1493, her son and heir Túpac Inca Yupanqui was still a child who has not yet reached adulthood. The favorite concubine of her late spouse, Ciqui Ollco, had the intention of placing her youngest son Cápac Huari on the throne by spreading the rumor planting, with the assistance of a woman from her family, who at the end of the Inca would have loved the throne to Cápac Huari. It was the widowed queen Mama Ocllo who made this coup attempt impossible by planting the rumor that Ciqui Ollco was a witch, had her and her relative arrested (and possibly executed), banishing Cápac Huari to Chincheru, and had her son installed as the following Inca. Túpac Inca Yupanqui, apparently, never forgot that he owed his throne to his mother, and that a holy huaca was made in memory of his town in Picchu.
Mama Ocllo died shortly after securing the throne for her son. The regency throughout the minority of her son was managed by her late husband’s cousin.